Type 1 diabetes can develop quickly, over weeks or even days. Many people have type 2 diabetes for years without realising because early symptoms tend to be general.
Diabetes is caused by excessive sugar in the blood. The amount of sugar in the blood is usually controlled by a hormone called insulin, which is produced by the pancreas (a gland behind the stomach). When food is digested and enters your bloodstream, insulin moves glucose out of the blood and into cells, where it is broken down to produce energy. However, if you have diabetes, your body is unable to break down glucose into energy. This is because there is either not enough insulin to move the glucose, or the insulin produced does not work properly.
There are two types of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is where the body does not produce enough insulin, or the body's cells do not react to insulin. This is known as insulin resistance. In type 1 diabetes, the body's immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin. As no insulin is produced, your glucose levels increase, which can seriously damage the body's organs.
The testing procedure for diabetes is simple; we measure the sugar levels in your blood via a minute finger-prick blood sample and provide an instant report. Our expert healthcare staff will then assist you in understanding these results and may recommend simple lifestyle changes to help improve your health and wellbeing. Alternatively we may recommend that you return for a fasting blood test or refer you to your GP.
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